They connect parallel shafts, have involute teeth that are parallel to the shaft and can have internal or external teeth. They cause no external thrust between gears. They are inexpensive to manufacture. They give lower but satisfactory performance. They are used when shaft rotates in the same plane.
The main features of spur gears are dedendum, addendum, flank, and fillet. Dedendum cylinder is a root from where teeth extend, it extends to the tip called the addendum circle. Flank or the face contacts the meshing gear, the most useful feature if the spur gears. The fillet in the root region is kinetically irrelevant.
The speed and change of the force depends on the gear ratio, the ratio of number of teeth on the gears that are to be meshed. One gear among the two is on the input axle, the axle of the motor and the other gear of the pair is on the output axle, the axle of the wheel.
They have higher contact ratio that makes them smooth and quiet in operation. They are available for corrosion resistant operation. They are among the most cost-effective type of gearing. They are also used to create large gear reductions.
They are available in plastic, non-metallic, brass, steel and cast iron and are manufactured in a variety of styles. They are made with many different properties. Factors like design life, power transmission requirements, noise and heat generation, and presence of corrosive elements contribute to the optimization of the gear material.
Generally used in simple machines like washing machines, clothes dryer or power winches. They are not used in automobiles because they produce sound when the teeth of both the gears collide with each other. It also increases stress on the gear teeth. They are also used in construction equipment, machine tools, indexing equipment, multi spindle drives, roller feeds, and conveyors.
Angular Bevel Gears | Bevel Gears | Crown Wheel | Crown Wheel and Pinion | Differential Gears | Fine Pitch Gears | Girth Gears | Hardened and Ground Gears | Helical Bevel Gears | Helical Gears | Herringbone Gears | Internal Gears | Mill Headers | Miter Gears | Non-Involute Gears | Pinion Gears | Rack Gears | Ring Gear and Pinion | Spiral Bevel Gears | Spur Gears | Straight Bevel Gears | Support Rollers | Tacho Drives | Thrust Rollers | Idler Gear | Gear Trains | Planetary Gear | Master Gear | Ground Gear | Face Gear | Cycloidal Gears | External Gear | Winch Gears | Sprockets | Worm Gears | Involute Gears